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Dactylorhiza fuchsii, the common spotted orchid, is a species of flowering plant in the orchid family Orchidaceae. Dactylorhiza fuchsii is one of Europe's commonest wild orchids, it is widespread across much of Europe, with the range extending eastward into Siberia, Mongolia and Xinjiang. The species is also reportedly naturalised in the Canadian Province of Ontario. A herbaceous perennial plant ranging from 10 to 60 centimetres (5 to 25 in) in height. The inflorescence is a dense-flowered spike, produced in June–August, that is at first conical then cylindrical.
The flower colour can vary from white to pale purple with purple spots, a symmetrical pattern of dark purple loops or dots and dashes. The lip has three lobes. The bracts are usually shorter than the flower. The lip is smaller than that of the very similar Dactylorhiza maculata and has three deeper cuts. The middle lobe is more than half as large as a lateral lobe. Some colonies are highly perfumed, attractive to day-flying moths. The leaves are narrow lanceolate, keeled and often dark-spotted.
Pure Orchid seed is extremely fine dust-like with an estimated million seeds per gram! It is tricky to handle and liable to blow away in the wind. For this reason the seed we offer has been combined with soil granules to aid handling and dispersal to the ground.
Pretty Wild Seeds are registered with the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) under number 7529, so you can have confidence in both our products and advice. Although our products are listed in weights and acres, we can supply in additional quantities upon enquiry so if you need a larger supply, please don't hesitate to give us a call.
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You are solely responsible for ensuring the goods are returned to us. We will not be liable for returns that are lost in the post or lost for any other reason. If a product arrives damaged we will advise the customer how to return the item with all return costs covered by us. Replacements & refunds will be dispatched / issued on receipt of the returned items only.
Germination; Difficult from seed.
DIFFICULT METHOD; Create a sterile box, an old fish tank with a rigid plastic lid is ideal, spray the interior with 1:9 bleach to water and leave wet. Seeds are tiny. First wet seeds with a single drop of washing up liquid then place in a tube with 1:9 domestic bleach to water for 30 minutes to sterilise the seeds. Shake vigorously during this time. The seed may become pale. Drain the contents of the tube through a filter. If thick bleach was used washed the seeds with sterile water, not required if thin bleach was used. To create a growing medium use 6-9g of agar per litre of hot water with 10-15g oats and a half strength liquid fertiliser. Place liquid in a pressure cooker for 30 mins. at max. pressure. Allow pressure cooker to cool in the sterile box before removing the lid. Cover the lid-less pan with sterilised cling film allowing contents to cool. Transfer contents to sterilized petri dishes or kilner jars. Allow contents to solidify. Carefully spread seed into mixture in the kilner jars or petri dish. Place the lid on the petri dish or jar. Wrap whole dish or jar in 4 layers of cling film which have been sprayed with the dilute 1:9 bleach, water solution. Place jars/dishes somewhere dark and warm for 2 months. The seed should swell to what is called a protocorm. At this stage expose to cold for at least 6 weeks (but do not freeze) then return to room temp. and daylight. This should encourage leaf formation. At this stage re-plate into a deeper agar mixture which has 1g of charcoal added per litre, and is at least 2.5cm deep. A fungus can be added at this stage if available. Leave seedlings for 1 year. Admit air during this time otherwise they may suffer damping off. Plant out the following spring.
EASY METHOD: Mix seed with silver sand. Sprinkle onto undisturbed ground, be very patient, in a year or so seedlings may, or may not, emerge.
Growing; Prefers a moist, water retentive, humus-rich, leafy soil in partial shade. Try to avoid extremes of waterlogging, winter wet or drying out. Feed only with a very dilute liquid fertiliser. Can also be container planted. Dress the soil surface with fine grit to prevent neck-rot in spring.